The Swedish Walk Out Bayonets or Dress Bayonets

 

In Swedish called "Permissionsbajonett"

 

 

 The use of Walk Out or Dress bayonets and daggers was popular basically in Germany and primary from the time of Weimar Republic until the end of WW2.

 The German walk out bayonet appeared in many types and variations. Different branches of military had different models, marks and decorations. Even civilian and police organisations used these types of side-arms. The origin might be the KS98 bayonet, which was introduced 1901 and was produced in many examples like "Extrawaffen" for commercial use.

 However in Sweden there is no tradition of Walk Out bayonets with uniform, but there are many collections with so called Walk out bayonets with a lion head pommel. There are also standard all nickel m/1896 bayonets and some other variations based upon this bayonet.

 

The Walk out Bayonet

The German walk out bayonets existed in many types and variations. Here is a short model of these.

 

 The background to the production of the walk out bayonet will be found when Frost Anders Mattson Jr. studied in Germany at the end of 1920:s and first part of 1930:s and witnessed the rise of the 3rd Reich, without accepting their ideology! He became manager of F. M. Mattsons (FMM) Company in Mora.

 The German walk out bayonet was an accepted attribute to the German uniform at that time, but the Swedish counterpart made by FMM had no connection what so ever with the Swedish armed forces. It was never allowed to be worn together with the uniform at that time or later.

There are however reports from a well known collector Hutte Benckets who made his military service 1941-43 who reported that one senior officer used such a Walk Out bayonet at parades. There are other bayonets found marked "Tyg avd Lv 7 - 26 sept 1945", which indicates Anti Aircraft regiment No 7. There are other bayonets found also with provenance indicating that these knives were used by military personal in uniform although not authorised.

 

The bayonet was only meant as a decoration on the wall or on a desk. It was however sold under the name of Walk out bayonet or “On Leave Bayonet” (Permissionsbajonet”). The nationalistic feelings still rang high since 1939-1945. A sign of this is the pommel in form of a lions head, which is a part of the Swedish National Arm.

 The Swedish Walk Out bayonet started to be produced from 1939 to 1962. These bayonets and knives were sold in sport shops and a company called “Vapendepoten” (Depot of arms) in a town called Falun. You can see their catalogue here from that time.

  

 

FMM ceased production 1962 due to weak market.

The bayonets were made in several types and sizes:

  • All of them have grips of elk horn on top of nickel-plated brass.

  • The blades are polished nickel-plated.

  • Scabbards are made of gun blue steel.

  • The frogs are made of brown leather.

 

Following models are recognised from the catalogue:

  •  710 Small, simpel model. Double cross-guard, no hand protection. Length 285 mm

  •  720 Double cross-guard, hand protection. Length 330 mm

  •  100 Single cross-guard, hand protection. Length 330 mm.

  •  730, 110 Double cross-guard, hand protection. Length 370 mm

There are many different marks found on these bayonets such as:

  • F.M.Mattson Mora

  • F.M.Mattson Mora Sweden

  • F.M.Mattson AB Mora Sweden

  • FMM Mora Sweden

 

 

 

 

The very first of these bayonets had a hand guard in form of a shield decorated with three crowns. This was prohibited by the Governmental heraldist because the crowns were symbols of the small Swedish Arm only to be used by the Government and king.

A small amount of these bayonets went out on the market before they were banned and these are very rare to find nowadays.

 

The grip with double cross guard and handguard with the shield

 

 

Ricasson with FM Mattsons SWEDEN

 

 


 

Daggers

 Another type of knife more close to a dagger was made by Frosts knife factory AB. They were sold by Böhlmar Co in Mora. The market for these was people in outdoor activities like hunters. The advertisement often called the knives suitable for hunters!

  • Handles were nickel-plated or chrome-plated brass with grips of elk horn

  • Blades were polished

  • Scabbards were made of steel and painted frosted black

  • Frogs were made of brown leather

 

 

Two models were offered:

  1. 6215 - Single Cross-guard. Length 332 mm

  2. 6150 - Double Cross-guard. Length 250 mm

 

Different markings of the blades existed like:

  • Erik Frost, Mora Sweden

  • Erik Frost, Mora Sweden Rostfri

  • Frost, Mora Sweden

 There is provenance that at least one of these daggers was used as a fighting knife or field knife as it was later called in Sweden.

 

 

Model 6215

 

 

Swedish military bayonet m/1896 with nickel finish.

Swedish military bayonet m/1896 with nickel finish.

There are many bayonet m/1896 with nickel plated grips and scabbards in collections.

The true background of these is hidden in the history, but it is believed that the factory sold some of them for the commercial market as gift and awards for competitions of different kinds. There are two types of these bayonets

The first model with flat release button

The later model with cone shaped button

The first model will be found with serial number “000” or without any serial number and normally without any acceptance stamp.

The later model is often marked with a ‘+’ stamp instead of acceptance mark. This + mark is indicating rejection.

Bayonets with military unit numbers are most likely only bayonets which were plated after the military use by civilians. A military bayonet would never leave the factory in such an appearance.

 

Dagger based on the m/1896 bayonet

There is also an unusual bayonet based on the same construction like m/1896 but without a lock for the rifle. The blade is identical. It has a double sided cross guard with no hole for a barrel. This bayonet can be found with blue grip and also nickel-plated grip.

 

 

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Based on an article in Swedish on the Swedish website made by Per Holmback.

References:
Per Holmback
Björn Larsson
Skanes Vapenhistoriska Forening, meddelande 199, augusti 1997. Artikel av Olle Svensson.
F. M. Mattson AB, Mora by Nils Frost
Frost knivfabrik AB Mora by Per Brask.
 "Seitengewehr: History of the German bayonet 1919 to 1945", by George T Wheeler. 1999.

 

 

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