The Light Machine Guns of Sweden.

Text and pictures by O. Janson

Updated 2012-08-27

 

Index for the Swedish LMG:s - Kulsprutegevar.

Page 1

LMG:s by Rudolf Kjellman and by Madsen

Page 2

LMG BAR-family in Sweden. Kg m/21 & Kg m/37.

Page 3 LMG - Kg m/1939 (BRNO ZB-26)
Page 4

LMG - Kg m/1940 (SAV). (Knorre-Bremse)


 

Light machine gun Kg m/1939 (BRNO ZB-26).

 

Kg m/39. Here on tripod for air defence.

Picture from Carl Gustafs Stads Gun Factory Weapon Museum.

 

 

Just before the start of WW2 there was a lack of arms in Sweden. The army saw the war coming and hurried to buy a number of Light machine guns from Czechoslovakia. The choice was the famous Kulomet VZ/26 with the German 7.92 mm round. Sweden called it kg m/39.

The designers were two Chechs brothers: Vaslav and Emanuel Holek. An Austrian engineer Marek and Polish engineer Podradsky took also part in the construction. The ZB-26 was one of the finest LMG ever developed. Because of the high quality of steel provided by the Skoda plant, spare barrels coul be easily exchanged after full automatic fire. Even red hot barrels of this steel could be dipped in cold water without damaging them. This quick system of changing the barrels was an important feature of this nice design, because after 60-100 full auto shots it was time to change the barrel.

The British Government chose the same gun, which was licened by ZB. They called their gun Bren.

 

The Swedish LMG m/39 magazine is mounted on top of the gun and holds 20 rounds.

The barrel of kg m/39, which has many cooling flanges and a flash guard, is easy and fast to change.

The mechanism is a development of the BAR but the knee link system is missing. Instead the bolt is locked by being forced up against the ceiling of the receiver. Kg m/39 fires both semi and full auto. When the magazine is empty the bolt remains at the rear end.

The gas cylinder is very long, all the way under the barrel. This feature led to a slow rate of fire which makes the gun easily controlled. The cyclic rate is 500 rpm.

When Sweden bought the Kg m/39, it was issued with the German calibre 7,92x57 mm.

After the war the kg m/39 was rebarrelled for the Swedish 6,5x55 mm.

 

 

Kg m/39.

 

Swedish Army instruction manual.

There was not even time to make any ammunition for the 7,92x57 mm by the factories in Sweden.

All such ammunition was imported to Sweden before the war.

 

How to change magazines

Top view of mechanism and the place for the magazine.

This whole can be covered by a sliding serrated hatch which can be seen here to the far left.

 

The rear sight with its wheel for adjustment of elevation.

As you can see the sight is placed to the left of the magazine and the centre of the barrel.

The magazine release sticks out above.

 

The front sight is also placed to the left side of the barrel.

 

 

 

Specifications:

Calibre:

7.92x57 mm or

6.5 x 55 mm Swedish

Ammunition 6,5 mm m/94 or 8 mm m/39
V0 760-800 m/s (8 mm m/39)
Design Vaclav & Emanuel Holek, Brünn
Action Gas operated
Manufacturer BRNO
Year of delivery 1939-1940
Quantity  about 5000

Length:

1160 mm

Barrel length:

668 mm

Weight loaded:

9.6 kg

Cyclic rate:

500/minute

System: Selective fire

Magazine:

20 round
doubel-stack removable

Mount:

Bipod or tripod

Sight front:

Protected blade

Sight rear:

Radial tangent worked by wheel.

Status Obsolete, sold

 


 

Read about the British BREN here.

 

Index for the Swedish LMG:s - Kulsprutegevar.

Page 1

LMG:s by Rudolf Kjellman and by Madsen

Page 2

LMG BAR-family in Sweden. Kg m/21 & Kg m/37.

Page 3 LMG - Kg m/1939 (BRNO ZB-26)
Page 4

LMG - Kg m/1940 (SAV). (Knorre-Bremse)

 

References:

Swedish Army: Instruction for the soldier of the infantry 1943
Barlow-Johnson: Small arms manual, London 1944
Smith: Small arms of the world, Harriburg, Pennsylvania 
Ian Hogg Military small arms of the 20th century.
Josef Alm: Eldhandvapen II Stockholm; 1934
Josef Alm: Eldhandvapen förr och nu; 1953
Vapenmuseet, Eskilstuna, Sweden. (Carl Gustafs Stads Gun Factory - Weapon Museum)

 


 

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Swedish Military Designations