Headstamp Markings on Swedish 6,5 mm Ammunition

Military ammunition

written by Mats Persson

Always Berdan primers
Live ammunition; always new cases.
Blank and gallery ammunition; always used cases.

Four radial grooves;
half past one
half past four
half past eight
half past ten
The last two digits in the year of production;
third digit nine o'clock,
fourth digit three o'clock.

A letter code, a numeric code, an abbreviation or a trade mark for the manufacturer six o'clock.

24      Norrahammars Bruk, Norrahammar (only mfg the cases)
25      Vulcans Tändsticksfabrik, Tidaholm
26      Svenska Metallverken AB, Västerås
026     Svenska Metallverken AB, Västerås
27      AB Norma projektilfabrik, Åmotfors
027     AB Norma projektilfabrik, Åmotfors
28      Jönköpings Vestra Tändsticksfabrik, Jönköping
30      DWM, Germany
32      Lidköpings Tändsticksfabrik, Lidköping
33      Brünn, Czechoslovakia
34      Jönköpings Tändsticksfabrik, Jönköping
070     FFV Vanäsverken, Karlsborg
071     FFV Zakrisdalsverken, Karlstad
583     Raufoss, Norway
586     Hirtenberg, Hirtenberg bei Wien, Austria
H       Hirtenberg, Hirtenberg bei Wien, Austria
K&C     Keller & Co, Hirtenberg bei Wien, Austria
SFM     Société Francaies de munition Paris, France
K       Amf Karlsborg
M       Amf Marieberg
N       Nordiska Metallaktiebolaget, Västerås
Norma   AB Norma Projektilfabrik, Åmotfors
VPT     Valtion Patruunatehdas, Finland  (Lapua)
DWM     Deutschen Waffen- und Munitionsfabrik, Germany
Thanks to Gustaf Erik Pasch who invented the safety match, and Ivar Kreuger who profited from the idea, Sweden had a great lot of matchstick factories.
Matchstick manufacturers (Tändsticksfabrik) often acted as shadow factories for civilian or government-owned ammunition factories.

[Case manufactured in 1942 by Metallverken]
Sometimes the text "
Amf" twelve o'clock, this means "Ammunitionsfabrik" (ammunition-factory) and refers to the code six o'clock.

According to some publications Amf means "Armeförvaltningen". This is dead wrong - if you read some of the Swedish Army's ammunition manuals they clearly states that Amf means "Ammunitionsfabrik". Besides - the full name of "Armeförvaltningen" was "Kungl Arméförvaltningens Tygavdelning" ('The Royal Swedish Army Administration, Ordnance Division') and that's abbreviated "KAFT", not "Amf".


[Case manufactured in 1941 by Amf Karlsborg]
Older cases often have a crown twelve o'clock, this normally means that the ammunition have been manufactured by a state ammunition factory, i.e. Amf Karlsborg or Amf Marieberg.

[Case manufactured in 1941 by DWM]
But it seems like the crown also appears on ammunition made in France and Germany - by SFM and DWM.

Sometimes an "
E" twelve o'clock, this means that the case is made of brass-plated steel instead of brass.

E reads "Ersättning" which means substitution.


Sometimes the manufacturer twelve o'clock - mostly on imported ammunition made by SFM and K&C.

The code for Amf Zakrisdal 'Z', and the code for Svenska tändsticks AB, Jönköping '31', could be found on boxes but as far as I've been told they didn't manufacture any brass in 6,5x55 - they probably just loaded some 6,5 mm ammunition.

The code for VPT in Finland was '29', but this code have only been observed on boxes - all cases were marked 'VPT'.

Of course there are other markings as well!

Norma's ammunition for practice

Silvertoped, Fälttorped, Banskyttepatron

Factory reloaded ammunition - always Berdan primers

"norma" twelve o'clock

A code for the year of production, either, one letter six o'clock


or, two letters, one eight o'clock and one four o'clock


Sometimes an "n" twelve o'clock, the year of production nine o'clock and three o'clock and "6.5x55" six o'clock.

Norma's ammunition for hunting

[Case manufactured by Norma]

Always Boxer primers

"norma" twelve o'clock

Calibre six o'clock e.g. "6.5x55"

Thanks to Bertil Olsson for corrections and additional information.



A very brief history of Swedish Arms manufacturing
Swedish Military Designations
Bottom stamps of swedish military ammunition

Swedish Army Regiments

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