Swedish Military Rifles 1894 - 1995

Text O. Janson

up dated 2013-04-16


 

Carbine m/1894 and m/1894-1914 (K m/94 & K m/94-14)

Carbine m/94 or M/94 made by Helge Kolthoff at Carl Gustaf GF,
as examination for the master craftsman's certificate 1918, before he became Inspection Officer at CG GF.
 

This Carbine has no number - only his name.

 

Carbine m/94-14 or M/94-14 (with bayonet lug)

Carbine m/94-14 is still in use
for parades.

Here is the resent Instruction Manual for the Army 2004.

 

 
Karbin m/94, K m/94
Calibre 6,5×55
Ammunition 6,5 mm m/94
V0 655 m/s (ammo m/94)
730 m/s (ammo m/41)
Feed 5-round integral, double row magazine
Design Mauser, model 1893
Action Bolt action
Manufacturer Mauser
GF
Year of delivery 1895-1918
Quantity Mauser  ≈10 000
GF  ≈11 5000
Barrel 449 mm, 4 grooves
Length 950 mm
Weight 3,4 kg
Sights 200-1600 m
Miscellaneous Same action as G m/38
Similar action to G m/96.
Status Obsolete
Some converted to Gevär 6 and Gevär 7

 

The main difference between Carbine m/94 (M/94 for Navy) and m/94-14 is the bayonet lug. There were two different bayonets issued depending upon the branch.

  1. The shorter bayonet called m/1914 and was basically used by Cavalry and horse riding troops.
  2. The longer bayonet called m/1915 and was basically used by the Navy.

 

 


 

Rifle m/1896

Here is a beautiful Rifle m/1896 made as early as 1900 by Mauser.

Here is another beautiful Rifle m/1896, made by Husqvarna Vapenfabriks AB (HVA) as late as 1943
Note there is no muzzle thread and a
n original very different rear sight

 

Gevär m/96, G m/96
Calibre 6,5×55
Ammunition 6,5 mm m/94
V0 725 m/s (ammo m/94)
800 m/s (ammo m/41)
Feed 5-round integral, double row magazine
Design Mauser, model 1893
Action Bolt action
Manufacturer Mauser
GF
Year of delivery 1896-1925
Quantity Mauser  ≈40000 (1896-1899)
GF  ≈445000 (1898-1925)
Barrel 739 mm
Length 1260 mm
Weight 4,0 kg
Sights 300-2000 m
Miscellaneous Gevär m/96 B; with threaded muzzle to accept a blank firing adapter
Similar action to K m/94 and G m/38, but with a straight bolt handle.
Status Obsolete - except for  ≈15000 still in service with the Home Guard (1999)
Some converted to G m/38
Some converted to G m/41
Some converted to Gevär 6 and Gevär 7
 

 

 

The m/96 rifle used a short knife bayonet with a hollow steel handle, called the "bajonett m/96" - though it was actually not adopted until the summer of 1897.

Early rifles have stocks cut from walnut.
Rifles made during WW1 have stocks cut from birch, elm or mahogany.
Rifles manufactured later got stock cut from copper beech.

The m/96 rifle used a triangular front sight post and a rear leaf sight with a V-shaped notch. When folded down the rear sight is graduated from 300 to 600 metres, in 100 m steps. When flipped up it is graduated from 700 to 2000 metres. A rifleman never used the flipped up position on his own - it was only used for simultaneous fire at ranks of enemies. The width of the leaf at the axle-end is 11 millimetres.

In the 1940s the front sight was changed to a new m/41 rectangular post. The m/41 front sights are available in 9 different heights, from -1 to +3 millimetres in 0,5 millimetre increments.
At the same time the rear sight was altered to have a U-shaped notch. The Armourers had to remove the sight on every rifle and place it in a special jig, then file the sight notch to the new shape and refit the sight. The rifles were then sighted in - spot on at 300 metres using the pointed m/41 ammunition. The height of the correct front sight post was stamped on the left side of the front sight base, and a "T" on the right side (T for "Torped", which means a pointed boat-tailed bullet like the m/41).
After this modification the flipped up position was never used.

The Army's intention was to equip all m/96 rifles with a SM sight, calibrated for the m/41 "torped" ammunition. Trails were made with the "SM sikte F ram", but for some reason this minor modification was never carried out.

However there were several civilian SM sights, including a nickel-plated SM micrometer sight to be inserted in the ordinary sight ladder. This one is quite similar to the "SM sikte m/38" used on the type I m/38 rifle, only difference is markings on elevation knob. The insert micrometer sight for the m/96 rifle is graduated from 100 to 750 metres and is calibrated for civilian pointed ammunition.

There was a civilian production of the m/96 as well. The rifle organization "Frivilliga skytterörelsen" (FSR) ordered some 20000 m/96 rifles from Husqvarna in the beginning of the 1940s. (1940-1943 circa)
These rifles were made to the same specifications as the armys m/96 rifles and the production was partly financed by the Crown. They were sold to members of the "FSR" at a low cost (200 kronen) on the condition that the owner would sell his rifle back to the Army in case of total mobilization.
About 5000 of the FSR-rifles used a new m/43 leaf sight in 50 m intervals from 100 to 600 metres, and 100 m intervals from 600 to 800 metres. The sight ladder is stamped "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6" and "8" on the left side, and with index lines for 50m and a "7" on the right side.
About 12000 of the FSR-rifles used a sight called the AGJ-sight made by "A. G. Johanssons Metallfabrik AB" in Västerås. The AGJ sight is marked "SM sikte agj-ram" and looks very similar to the later "SM sikte m/55" used on the m/41 snipers rifle.

 

 

 

 

 

The brass disc.

Swedish

English

Torped

Bullet with boat tail (also means "torpedo")

Överslag

"Point of impact over line of sight" (also means "estimate")

STR = Streck

Mills (1 Swedish mill = 1 meter at 1000 meters = 3,6" at 100 yds)

The largest sector is stamped with the calibre of the barrel.

The m/41 round had a much flatter trajectory than the older m/94. As most rifles were already manufactured with iron sights for the "m/94 bullet", the aiming correction in mills (how much lower you had to aim to hit the target) was inscribed on the brass disc. This is the information in the second sector. It was usually 0.5 mill.

The last sector gives information on the level of bore pitting. “1” means pitting in the groves. “2” means pitting in the groves and on the side of the lands. “3” means pitting in the whole bore (which means unserviceable). A rifle would never receive a “3”. It would instead be turned in to a work shop, where the old barrel would be exchanged for a new one.

 

 

 

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Gevär fm/1923

Test rifle

 

 Test rifle

Length over all

1 125 mm

Weight

4,1 kg

Calibre

6.5x55 mm

Barrel

Heavy round barrel 750 mm

Bolt handle

Straight or bent

Sight

Diopter Lyman patent Model 48M

Round capacity

5+1 cartridges

 

The barrel was round at the rear end the diameter was 295 mm and at the front 210 mm. The front sight was a post or a ring sight surrounded by a 1cm long cylinder of steel with an inside diameter of 15mm. The Lyman dioptre was set from 100m to 1 000m. The striker lacked the thumb hold and was shorter for faster ignition. The stock was a straight English type like m/96 but only half way of the barrel. 

 

 

 

Gevär fm/1923-36

Test rifle

 fm/1923-36 Note stonger receiver without recess for thumb.

 

Length over all

1 260 mm

Weight

4.4 kg

Calibre

6.5x55 mm

Barrel

750 mm rounds

Bolt handle

Straight

Sight

Diopter Lyman patent Model 48M

Round capacity

5+1 cartridges

 This rifle was very much the same as fm/1923 but with a thumb hole stock. The receiver was stiffer and stronger because it lacked the recess for the thumb on the left side.

 

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Prickskyttegevar m/41 - Sniper rifle
 

Sniper rifle m/41 with white bolt and original rear sight.

(Rifle m/41B has different sight and base for the scope.)

 

Gevär m/41, G m/41
Type m/41 m/41 B
Calibre 6,5×55
Ammunition 6,5 mm m/94
Feed 5-round integral, double row magazine
Design Mauser, model 1893
Action Bolt action
Manufacturer Mauser
GF
(HVA ??)
Year of delivery 1941-1943  
Quantity 5300
Barrel 739 mm
Length 1260 mm
Weight  
Sights m/41 scope
m/42 scope
m/44 scope
m/41 B scope
Miscellaneous Modified G m/96 Mostly modified
G m/41
Status Obsolete, sold

 

 

 

m/41 B scope - refurbished with black bolt.

 

Swedish Sniper Rifle scopes

 

German made AJACK rifle scope.

 

 

The complete set: scope, container, side-mount and base, objective protection and the very rare adjustment tool.
View from top. Note the rubber protection has been rolled back to expose the eye relief adjustment.

The standard cross-hair used by the Germans. This was the very best scope during WW2 and long after.

Inside the there should be a screw-driver tool. This tool was removed by the army 1955. The Army didn't want the soldier to adjust the standard settings.

Below the sight adjustment tool can be seen in the container-lid twisted 90 degrees to be fixed firm in place during transportation.

Note the 90 degrees countersink compared to the hole in order to keep the tool fixed in the lid of transportation container. The tool is marked with proof mark "3 Crowns".

Tool for the German made Ajack Rifle Scope 41

 

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Swedish made Aga Rifle Scope 42

 

Swedish made Aga Rifle Scope m/42 used for Swedish Sniper rifle m/41.

 


 

Swedish made Aga Rifle Scope m/44

 

Swedish made Aga Rifle Scope m/44 scope used for Swedish Sniper rifle m/41.

 

The main differences between the m/41 and m/41 B rifles were:

                Gevär m/41              Gevär m/41 B

Bolt:           Metal finish.           Blue (or brown).

Open sight:    

Same as m/96 SM sikte m/55 (ramp sight).  (with a knob to adjust elevation) or SM sikte m/58 (with a knob to adjust elevation, and two screws to adjust windage).

Scope:     

m/41 Ajack 4x90  m/41 B , an improved m/41 or m/42 AGA 3x65  (a "B" stamped on the left or
m/44 Nife 3x side, behind "1941").

Scope mount:   

Not tempered, with Tempered, and with an a number of its own, adjusting bolt for the matching numbers on position of the scope, both parts.  same number as the rifle on both parts.

Sling:         

Sling with loop, marked with the three crowns and the text "G m/41 B". See pictures.


Ref;           
                SoldI Mtrl 1963.

The m/41 (B) was made out of m/96 rifles that were picked for
there accuracy.
About 5300 were made between 1941 and 1943.

Since some m/41 (B) have the turned down bolt handle of the m/94 carbine
- it could be that these weapons were made from scratch - or maybe they
just got new bolts.

It seems like the m/41 B was made both by modifying m/41 rifles
and by making them directly out of m/96 rifles. Because on
some m/41 B one can see, that the part of the scope mount with
the adjustment bolt, have been welded on to the part with the
dovetail.

The m/41 B is, by far, the most common today.

The m/41 (B) is no longer in service, the last units to use
this (excellent) weapon were "Hemvärnet" ("the Home Guard").
During 1995 the Home Guard had to return their m/41 (B)
sniper's rifles, they were replaced by scoped Ak4 assault rifles
(H&K G3).

Here is a sling for the Swedish Sniper rifle m/41B

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Rifle m/1938 (G m/38)

Rifle G m/1938 with accessories. (Husqvarna)

Rifle m/38 used the same bayonet like Rifle m/96.

 
Gevär m/38, G m/38
Type I II
Calibre 6,5×55
Ammunition 6,5 mm m/94
Feed 5-round integral, double row magazine
Design Mauser, model 1893
Action Bolt action
Manufacturer Mauser HVA
GF
Year of delivery 1939-1943 1942-1944
Quantity  ≈30000  ≈88000
Barrel 600 mm
Length 1120 mm
Weight 3,8 kg
Sights 250-600 m (SM) 100-600 m
150-600 m (T)
Miscellaneous Similar to G m/96 but with shorter barrel.
Same action as G m/96(straight bolt handle), actually these are converted G m/96's Same action as K m/94 (turned down bolt handle), or as G m/96 (straight bolt handle)
Gevär m/38 B; with threaded muzzle to accept a blank firing adapter
Status Obsolete - except a few used for training (1999)

 

Rifle m/38 Prepared for peace time training with brass catcher and blank firing device.

Front sight protection

Adjustment tool for front sight m/43G

 

Old type  of adjustment tool for front sight

 

 

 

There are two types of the m/38 rifle:

Type one (1) m/38 rifles are made from old m/96 rifles
These are manufactured by Carl Gustaf or by Mauser.
They have the same straight bolt handle as the m/96 rifle.
They have the same rear sight as the m/96 rifle, but with
an inserted nickel-plated SM micrometer sight m/38.
*The m/38 SM sight goes from 250 to 600 metres, the elevation
         knob is stamped with "3", "4", "5" and "6".
         The sight is calibrated for the m/94 ogival (blunt) ammunition.

Type two (2) m/38 rifles are made as m/38 rifles
These are manufactured by Husqvarna
They could have either the same straight bolt handle as
the m/96 rifle, or the turned down bolt handle of
the m/94 carbine.
They both have leaf sights, either for the m/94 ogival (blunt)
bullet, or for the m/41 torped (pointed) bullet.
*The sight for the m/94 cartridge can be adjusted, in 50m
 steps, from 100 to 600 metres.
            This sight got a rectangular notch.
*The sight for the m/41 cartridge can be adjusted, in 50m
 steps, from 150 to 600 metres. The ladder is stamped "2",
          "3", "4", "5" and "6".
          This sight is marked with a "T", it got a U-shaped notch.
 

 

Type 1 m/38 rifles are sometimes referred to as "m/96-38", but there were never an official denotation for this type. The Swedish Army never bothered about the difference between the type 1 and type 2 m/38 rifles.
In the Army's spare part list for the m/38 rifle there is a note that one could use a spare bolt for the m/96 rifle just as well.

The reason why some type II m/38 rifles have straight bolt handles is not absolutely clear to me.
But it seams that when WW2 begun there were a stock of bolts for the m/96 rifle, and these were used for some of the m/38 rifles.

The m/38 used a different front sight than the m/96 rifle.
The m/38 front sight post for the m/38 rifle is 1,7 mm wide at the top, while the m/41 front sight post for the m/96 and m/41 rifles is 2,2 mm wide at the top. The m/38 front sight is one and a half millimetre higher than the m/41 front sight. Beside the height and the width of the post, the m/38 and m/41 front sights are interchangeable. A ±0 m/38 post corresponds to a +1,5 m/41 post.
The m/38 front sights are available in 12 different heights, from -2 to +0,75 millimetres in 0,25 millimetre increments.

The m/38 rifle should be sighted in to strike one mil above the aiming point. If it is sighted in for the pointed m/41 "torped" bullet, there should be a "T" stamped on the right side of the base of the front sight.

The 1938 rifle used the same m/96 bayonet as the original Mauser rifle from 1896.

I don't know if the m/38 rifle was ever used by the Cavalry - at least it was never intended to be used by mounted troops (if it was, it would surely have used the same kind of sling as the m/94 carbine).
It's my impression that the m/38 was only used by truck-drivers, light infantery (jägare) and the few mechanized units of the infantry and the cavalry, and by the Navy.

 

 

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Rifle m/1939 & m/1940

Original Swedish rifle m/39 with bayonet delivered by CG

Gevär m/39, G m/39
Calibre 8×57 IS
Ammunition 8 mm m/39
Feed 5-round integral, double row magazine
Design Mauser model 1898
Action Bolt action
Manufacturer Mauser
Year of delivery 1939
Quantity 5000
Barrel 600 mm
Length 1110 mm
Weight 4,2 kg
Sights 100-600 m
Miscellaneous German Kar 98k
Status Modified to G m/40

 

Swedish rifle m/40

Read more about the rifles m/39 & m/40 here>>>

Gevär m/40, G m/40
Calibre 8×63
Ammunition 8 mm m/32
Feed 4-round integral, double row magazine
Design Mauser model 1898
Action Bolt action
Manufacturer Mauser
Year of delivery 1942-43
Quantity 4900
Barrel 600 mm
Length 1135 mm
Weight 4,25 kg
Sights 100-600 m
Miscellaneous Modified G m/39
Status Obsolete, sold

 

 


Production of Swedish Army Rifles
m/1896, m/1938, m/1941 and Carbine m/1894.

Weapon Manufacturer Production Quantity
Carbine m/94 ("Karbin m/94") Mauser

1894-1896

12.000

Carbine m/94 ("Karbin m/94") Carl Gustafs Stads Gevärsfaktori

1895-1933

115.000

Rifle m/96 ("Gevär m/96") Mauser

1896-1899

40.000

Rifle m/96 ("Gevär m/96") Carl Gustafs Stads Gevärsfaktori

1899-1936

475.000

Rifle m/96 ("Gevär m/96") Husqvarna Vapenfabriks AB (HVA)

1942-1944

20.000

Rifle m/38 ("Gevär m/38") Carl Gustafs Stads Gevärsfaktori

1938-1940

55.080 m/96 were converted to m/38

Rifle m/38 ("Gevär m/38") Husqvarna Vapenfabriks AB (HVA)

1942-1944

88.150

Sniper rifle m/41 ("Gevär m/41") Carl Gustafs Stads Gevärsfaktori

1941-1943

5.300 selected and modified m/96

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The Swedish Partisan Rifle

During WW2 Husqvarna Vapenfabrik produced rifles which were intended to be used by a resistance movement in Sweden in case of occupation by the Nazis. This is not a Military rifle. The mechanism used was the old standard Mauser m/96 mechanism similar to fm/23-36 and the calibre was 7.9x58 mm like the standard German Military ammunition. The m/96 mechanism is considered to be weak for the heavy German cartridge.

In order to strengthen and improve the receiver, it was produced without any groove for the thumb.

The strong HVA m/96 receiver.

Note the wall of the receiver has no grove for the thumb

 

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Semiautomatic Rifle m/1942 (B)

Top: Mechanism of first variation of the Ljungman Rifle Ag m/42

Ag m/42B or Ljungman Rifle 6.5x55mm

 

Above is the magazine for Ag m/42B

click on the picture to se it larger.

Read more about the Ag m/42 here>>>

Automatgevär m/42, Ag m/42
Calibre 6,5×55
Ammunition 6,5 mm m/94
Feed 10-round, double row magazine
Rate of fire  
Design Ljungman AB
Action Gas operated, tipping bolt
Manufacturer GF
Year of delivery 1942-1946
Quantity  ≈32000
Barrel 637 mm
Rifling 6 grooves, rh
Length 1217 mm
Weight 4,1 kg
Sights 100-700 m
Miscellaneous Ag m/42 B; improved gas system.
Also made in Egypt as 'Hakim'
Status Obsolete, sold

 

 

Swedish Anti Tank Rifles

 

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Swedish Rifles 1963 - 1990

Swedish Anti Tank Rifles

FAQ about Swedish Mausers.

References:

Sven Nyberg

Mats Persson

Karl-Olof Björsell

Members of Gothia Arms Historical Society

Soldier Instruction manuals 1939-1943

Lt Colonel Axel Ekfeldt

Vapenmuseet

Lt Colonel Stellan Bojerud

Krigsarkivet

Anders Arvidsson, Swedish Homeguard

Ulving, S. Arvidsson, P. ;Ett skott en träff.

Hunts, Stockholm

FMV